Erev Tisha B’Av Service
Wednesday, July 29th, 8:00 p.m.
Tisha B’Av, also known as “The Ninth of Av,” is a fast day that commemorates the destruction of the first and second Temples. It falls on the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, which usually coincides with late July or mid-August on the secular calendar.
Tisha B’Av will be held this year in collaboration with Ohr Shalom. Both Rabbi Dorsch and Rabbi Meltzer will be teaching, briefly, following the service. A special video from Cantor Leberman will be shared.
A Tragic Day In Jewish History
Built by King Solomon, the First Temple was the most important place in ancient Judaism. It was destroyed when the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E. The Second Temple was built on the site of the First Temple, completed in 516 B.C.E. and eventually destroyed, this time during the Roman siege of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. The destruction of the two Temples took place on the same day – the ninth of Av – about 656 years apart. These two events were so tragic that the ancient rabbis declared the anniversary of the Temples’ destruction a day of mourning. This is the origin of Tisha B’Av.
The day also commemorates other tragedies which occurred on the same day, including the Roman massacre of over 100,000 Jews at Betar in 132 CE. Coincidentally, the ninth of Av is the day that Jews were expelled from England in 1290, as well as the day that King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella expelled the Jews from Spain in 1492 and, most recently, the destruction of European Jewry in the Holocaust. As you can see, the ninth of Av has not been a good day for the Jewish people.
The Book of Lamentations which mourns the destruction of Jerusalem during the Tisha B’Av Service, followed by the kinnot, a series of liturgical dirges which lament the loss of the Temple and Jerusalem.